How-To: Lighting Your Fine Art
Tuesday, August 16, 2016
Art collectors have varied preferences for how they light their homes and art. Some prefer ambient lamp light or natural daylight, while others prefer spotlight-like track lights to focus the eye on their art collection. No matter your preference, it is important to understand that light affects each painting differently, playing off the varied colors of each piece.
Lighting Rule of Thumb
There is a rule of thumb that many museums and professional art collectors follow: the light source for your artwork should be three times the brightness of the ambient lighting. Often, when the light focused on the painting becomes brighter than this, the painting becomes stark or even difficult to look at.
When thinking about this rule of thumb, it is important to take a look at how your painting is being displayed. Is it behind glass? Does the piece have texture? Are the colors of the piece predominately warm or cool? These are important factors to consider when deciding upon light placement. The last thing you want is a bright light reflecting off the glass, making the painting impossible to see, or the incorrect lightbulb casting a clashing hue over your beautiful new painting.
The best way to reduce glare on any surface is to position your light source at a point between a 25 and 35 degree angle from the piece. When you are positioning the light, look at how the brightness interacts with your painting and its frame. Does the light create a shadow? Is there a glare? If you adjust within that 25-35 degree range, both of these issues can be eliminated.
Type of Lighting
LED lights are extremely versatile and can be used in track lighting, spotlights or recessed lighting. They don’t emit UV rays, infrared light, or heat – making them the best option for lighting fine art. Both LED and halogen bulbs come in different "spreads," including wide floodlights, medium-width spotlights, and narrow spotlights. Of course, the further the bulb is from the artwork, the greater the spread of the light will be.
You can purchase LED bulbs in warm and cool colors, ranging from 3000k (warm) to 5000k (cool daylight.) From many years of experience at The Erin Hanson Gallery, we have found that a predominately cool painting (like Saguaro Dusk, right), looks best in cool light, while a warm painting (like Carmel Light, above) looks better in warm light. This makes the predominant color in the painting more vivid and beautiful, instead of being "canceled out" by a contrasting color of light bulb. We genearlly use 3500k or 4000k Soraa LED bulbs in the gallery to complement Hanson's oil paintings.
Another thing to consider is the placement of the painting and the shadows it will cast. For example, placing a painting in warm light will cast a cool shadow. So, if you have warmer walls, the light will cast a blue or purple shadow. This may or may not be the effect you are trying to create.
We recommend that you experiment with warm, medium and cool bulbs to see which gives you the effect you would like.
Image Source: Integral LED
How-To Quick Guide
Because every room has ambient light, we recommend that the beginning art connoisseur try the following technique:
1. Pick the room in which you’d like the painting to hang.
2. Position the painting and note the natural lighting that comes in during the day and the ambient lighting that you already have. Take a look at how this lighting affects the look of your painting.
3. Set up a track-light LED spotlight at a 30 degree angle to your painting.
*Pro Tip: You can buy spotlights that cast light in the same shape as your painting. For example, if you have a square painting, you can get a spotlight that brightens the painting in a square.
4. Try warm, medium, and cool lights during the day and at night. See which light brightens your painting in a way that is most pleasing to your eye.
5. Install the favored lighting mechanism.
We know that every painting provides a new opportunity to light it, so if you are in doubt, try a medium colored track light at a 30 degree angle from your painting location. This will generally work for most pieces.
You can always see how we light Erin Hanson’s paintings by visiting us at The Erin Hanson Gallery. One of the wonderful things about owning an original oil painting is you get to enjoy how different the painting looks in different lighting. With or without artificial lighting, the painting will change from daybreak to sundown, and you may find yourself constantly surprised at how varying the colors and mood of the painting appear from hour-to-hour in your home.
ERIN HANSON is a life-long painter, beginning her study of oils as a young child. Her passion for natural beauty is seen in her work as she transforms vistas familiar and rare into stunning interpretations of bold color, playful rhythms and raw emotional impact. Her frequent forays into National Parks and other recesses of nature include backpacking expeditions, rock climbing, and photo safaris. Hanson's unique painting style has become known as Open Impressionism, with hundreds of collectors eagerly anticipating her work. As an iconic, driving force in the rebirth of contemporary impressionism, Hanson is quickly recognized as a prolific, modern master.